Negotiated Texts

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This network was funded from December 2016 - December 2018.

Some of the most critical and foundational documents of the modern world have been created not by individuals but by a formal process of negotiation, usually involving a quasi-Parliamentary procedure of committees and sub-committees, often over extended periods of time. Examples include constitutions, treaties or ordinary legislation, together with documents such as the U.N. Declaration on Human Rights, or the foundational treaties of the European Union. The records of these negotiations can be extremely challenging to read as amendment after amendment adjusts the document under discussion in ways that were obvious to participants but which are difficult for readers to visualize, and negotiations stretch over months or years.

In October 2016 the platform was launched. This platform has been built to show both the chronology of events and the hierarchy of decision-making within a process of formal negotiation, while allowing users to view a reconstruction of the state of documents available to a committee during any moment of its deliberations.

This network emphasizes collaboration between projects and the integration of datasets across platforms for a seamless user experience. The launch conference for the Quill Platform showcased co-operation with educational non-profit organizations designing materials for classroom use, as well as a number of other digital research projects working on similar material but taking different approaches.

This network will build on the topics identified during the conference discussion, and refine and develop understanding of the problems posed by this material for researchers; promote an understanding of the existing tools for their exploration; investigate new ways to extend and integrate those tools; and explore new ways to present this category of material to a non-expert audience.

This network brings together researchers working on the records of formal negotiations, especially those using digital and statistical methodologies for research, or those seeking to use digital platforms for teaching and public engagement.


Dr Nicholas Cole

Dr Alfie Abdul-Rahman



Dr Nicholas Cole

Dr Alfie Abdul-Rahman

Alex Butterworth

David de Roure

Past Events